Accessibility

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Usability and Accessibility Standards

United States of America

The American National Standard Institute (NSSN, http://www.nssn.org ) provides a national resource for national and international standards. ANSI/HFES-200 is focused on design requirements and recommendations to increase effective usability of software interfaces.

Canada, Quebec

Accessibilité aux personnes handicapées : travaux de normalisation

Projets de standard en cours de validation. Ces projets de standard peuvent faire l’objet de modifications significatives sans préavis d’ici leur adoption prévue par le Conseil du trésor http://www.msg.gouv.qc.ca/normalisation/standards/accessibilite/index.html

International

International Standards Organisation (http://www.iso.ch/) ISO/TS 16071:2003, Ergonomics of human-system interaction covers issues associated with designing accessible software for people with the widest range of visual, hearing, motor and cognitive abilities, including those who are elderly and temporarily disabled.

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)

The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) documents explain how to make Web content accessible to people with disabilities. Web “content” generally refers to the information in a Web page or Web application, including text, images, forms, sounds, and such http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.php

Usability and Accessibility Legislation

International projects should be constructed in consideration of the most stringent standards this is expected to be those pertaining to the USA, but also to include ISO9241 guidelines;

Australia

Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunities Commission – http://www.hreoc.gov.au/

The Act provides key legal standards which inform their Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/dda1992264).

Their disability standards and guidelines are hosted at http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/standards.html.

Canada

Canadian Human Rights Act and the Employment Equity Act 1976-1977 (http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/H-6/relprov.html )

Treasury board of Canada Secretariat

The Equity and Diversity Directorate of the Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC) –  http://commissiondelafonctionpubliqueducanada.com/research/world_ps/canada_e.htm

Europe

The Euro Accessibility Consortium, launched in Paris on April 28th 2003 is intended to foster European co-operation toward a harmonised methodology for evaluating the accessibility of Web sites (see http://www.ddm.gouv.fr/dossiers_thematiques/documents/cisi2003f.html). This initiative is a joint undertaking by 23 organisations from all over Europe and the W3C/WAI (http://www.euroaccessibility.org/).

An overview of European legislation, not specific to the Internet, is available at Horizontal European Activities in Rehabilitation Technology (HEART) http://www.w3.org/WAI/EO/heart.html.

New Zealand

New Zealand is served by the New Zealand Disability strategy administered by the Office for Disability issues (http://www.odi.govt.nz/nzds/).

United Kingdom

In the UK, the legislative initiatives are aligned with the Equality Act but is also subject to .

Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (2001)http://www.dcs-gb.net/part4dda.html

United States of America

In the United States there is strong governmental support that has led to about 11 pieces of disability legislation. The key legislation, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990) which applies to all walks of life was effected in 1992 during the George Bush (Snr) administration.

Report on application of ADA –  http://www.rit.edu/~easi/law/weblaw1.htm

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