Clients will often reduce or not pay for UX research, but this is like leaving out a building foundation because no one sees it. A visitors experience is not only defined by the online environment but they bring past experiences, desires and doubts about their current experience.
The psychology of visual location, shape and colour are critical to enable user to understand and interpret their location and expectations of use in any given area. Karl Smith’s research from 2002 defined additional aspects as ‘biographical templates’ that establish key perceptions and personal drivers which are linked to persona’s.
There are lots ways to elicit UCD requirements so I don’t intend on listing them all here, what I will note are some of the effective ways that I utilise. They can be described as structured, unstructured or a mixture of the two, but importantly the methods produce differing depth of requirements dependant not only on the method but on the skill of the facilitator and the characteristics of physical location used. In effect the method used is limited by the capability of the facilitator.